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05 Prewriting


Prewriting Opening Page

Start-Up Activity

Ask students what planning is needed to be done to make a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. (Possible response: First, you get two slices of bread. Next, you find the peanut butter and jelly jars. Then they get a butter knife, etc.) Point out that planning is needed to be done before they start writing, too.

Then read and discuss the four prewriting tasks listed on this page. Explain that audience is another term for reader. Students must always keep the reader in mind when they plan their writing. For example, students must make sure that their writing answers who? what? when? where? and why? about a topic.

After discussing “Choosing a Topic,” ask for a volunteer to name a topic that he or she would like to write about, possibly from your whole-class notebook.

Think About It

“If you know what your main character wants, and why he or she is going to have to struggle to get it, you’re on your way.”

—Bruce Clements

State Standards Covered in This Chapter

LAFS Covered in This Chapter

TEKS Covered in This Chapter

TEKS Covered in This Chapter

Page 033 from Write Away

Gathering and Organizing Ideas

During your discussion of “Gathering Ideas,” ask students how they would find information about the topic they named for page 32.

During your discussion of “Organizing Ideas,” emphasize that information must be placed in a logical order so that a reader can understand and follow it. Refer to the cluster on page 244 so that students can see one firsthand. Then, as a class, create and display a cluster for the named topic.

State Standard Reference:
LAFS Standard:
TEKS Standard:
NE ELA Standard:

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21st Century Skills:
English Language Arts: