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WOC 139 Writing Emails and Blog Posts

Teacher Tips and Answers

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WOC 139

Students Hang Out in a Tree

Page 139

Writing Emails and Blog Posts

How do you “hang out” with friends? Are you physically together, or do you connect via text or video chat? You probably communicate in many different ways throughout a day.

When you need to communicate with others, you can use more formal types of writing. An email lets you speak to teachers, employers, and other adults. A blog post lets you communicate with anyone who has Internet access.

In this chapter, you’ll find an example email and blog post along with guidelines for creating your own. You can communicate awhile with adults, and then go back to hanging out with your friends.

What’s Ahead

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Email

Email lets you communicate important information with adults and friends. Student Micah Esterhaus wrote the following email to hand in her digital portfolio.

Email Message

Hiker Follows the Writing Process

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Writing Guidelines

You can use email to communicate important information and provide attachments and links. Email creates a time-stamped record, so you should make sure your emails are clear, correct, and complete.

Prewriting ■ Gathering Ideas

  • Figure out what you need to say and why.
  • Then gather all the details you need to include.

Writing ■ Drafting the Message

    Beginning Write a subject line that provides the topic at a glance. (Leave the “To” line blank until you have thoroughly proofread your work.) At the beginning of your message, greet the reader and state your reason for writing.

    Middle Provide all the details that the reader needs, carefully organized and clearly stated.

    Ending Call for any follow-up action, sum up the message, and provide a polite closing, including your name.

Revising ■ and Editing ■ Improving Your Message

Check your email before sending it. Although an email can be informal, it shouldn’t be messy, wordy, or full of errors. Use this checklist.

_____ Is my message complete—providing all the information needed so that I don’t have to send another message?

_____ Is my message clear—written in short paragraphs?

_____ Is my email correct—have I checked for spelling, punctuation, and other errors?

_____ Is my message accurate—from the reader’s email address to each fact or detail I’ve provided?

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Blog Post

In the following blog post, a student shares his discoveries about water-bears, tiny creatures with amazing survival skills. His post is meant to inform and entertain.

Blog Post

Water Bear

A title and photo spark interest. Toughest Bear
ANYWHERE

Beginning:
A creative introduction grabs attention.
As bears go, you might think that Kodiak grizzlies are the toughest, or maybe polar bears. But they cannot survive at the bottom of the ocean or in the vacuum of space. The toughest “bear” is the water-bear, or tardigrade.

These tiny creatures have survived each of the earth’s five mass extinctions. They live on mountaintops and in deep-sea trenches, in deserts and freshwater lakes. They can dehydrate and survive for 30 years in the vacuum of space only to get rehydrated and start crawling again.

Middle:
Many fascinating details explain the topic.
Of course, water-bears aren’t bears at all but tiny relatives of arthropods like insects and spiders. At only half a millimeter in length, they are hard to spot, but they are just about everywhere. Four pairs of legs with claws let them cling to whatever surface they are bumbling on. They have round mouths with stylets for piercing and breaking down the algae and tiny animals they eat. The mouth leads to an esophagus and intestine, which take up most of the bulbous body. The outside of the body is covered in chiton, which it molts occasionally. Tardigrades do have brains, but they don’t have lungs. Their skins take in oxygen directly from the air.

Tardigrades may actually be the first earthlings to colonize another planet. The asteroid that killed the dinosaurs hurled huge amounts of material into space—earth and water that was full of tardigrades. If any of that material fell as asteroids onto Mars, the impact could melt frozen ground water and reawaken the tardigrades. As long as tardigrades can find a source of water, they can survive. What would they eat on Mars? Well, some tardigrades eat each other.

Ending:
The writer reviews the blog post, with a final thought.
Tardigrades really are the toughest bears anywhere—whether in the Mariana Trench or on the top of Mount Everest, or possibly in a Martian crater with a small frozen sea. If tardigrades made it that far, they’d actually be “Martian polar water-bears”!

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Writing Guidelines

A blog lets you communicate with your teachers and classmates about important topics. When you write a blog entry, tag it with subjects so people can find it. When you respond to someone else’s blog post, always be polite and clear in your comments.

Prewriting ■ Choosing a Topic

  • Use the PAST strategy to analyze the writing situation. (See page 30.)
  • Select a topic and research it as needed.
  • Form a focus (thesis) and organize supporting details.

Writing ■ Creating the First Draft

    Beginning Introduce your topic and focus in an interesting way to get your reader’s attention.

    Middle Explain or support your focus with specific details. Address main points in separate paragraphs.

    Ending Conclude your post by restating your focus, giving a final thought about it, and/or welcoming readers to comment on your ideas.

    Title Create an interesting title as a lead-in to the post.

    Graphics Consider including a graphic to enhance your post.

    Links If appropriate, include links to related Web pages.

Revising ■ and Editing ■ Improving Your Writing

Check your work before posting. Your writing may be informal in style, but it still must be clear, interesting, and free of careless errors. Use this checklist.

_____ Is my post accurate—from the first line to the final thought?

_____ Is my post complete—offering what readers need to know?

_____ Is my post clear—shared in easy-to-follow sentences and paragraphs as well as in bulleted lists?

_____ Is my post correct—free of spelling, punctuation, and grammar errors?

Teacher Support:

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Lesson Plan Resources:

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Vocabulary List:
  • email: electronic mail sent on the Internet

Vocabulary List:
  • blog post: entry in an weblog, shared on the Internet

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