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WT 226 Reading Graphics

Teacher Tips and Answers


WT 226

Page 226

Reading Graphics

You see graphics every day: traffic signs on the way to school tell drivers how to be safe, diagrams in books show how something works, graphs online turn math into pictures, and tables in print provide many numbers in one place. Graphics open a world of information to you!

Look at That!

This chapter helps you read four different types of graphics: symbols, diagrams, graphs, and tables. Each type provides information in a visual form. When you read graphics, you get information . . . without all those words!

Professor with Graphics Signpost
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Learning About Symbols

A symbol is an image that stands for something. Symbols can be divided into two groups.

1. Some symbols stand for ideas or feelings.

Three Symbol Examples
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2. Some symbols give information.

Three More Symbol Examples
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Tips for Understanding Symbols

    🟪 Study the symbol and look for familiar parts.
    🟪 Decide what it means.

What does each symbol on this page mean? (Check your answers below.)

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Learning About Diagrams

A diagram is a graphic that shows how something works or how something happens. When you read a diagram, be sure to check the labels and notice the direction of any arrows.

Diagram Examples
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Learning About Bar Graphs

A bar graph shows how two or more things compare. The bars can go up and down or sideways. Both bar graphs below show the same thing. Of the 28 students, 12 prefer playground equipment, 10 like kickball, and 6 choose tag as their favorite recess activity.

Bar Graph Examples
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Tips for Understanding Bar Graphs

    🟪 Read the title to see what the graph is about.
    🟪 Look at the labels for the bars. They tell what is being counted.
    🟪 Look at the number scale (0, 5, 10, 15). Notice the lowest and highest numbers.
    🟪 Notice how tall (or long) each bar is (12, 6, 10).

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Learning About Tables

A table is a graphic that has two basic parts: rows go across, and columns go down. Here are two examples:

Table Examples
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Tips for Understanding Tables

    🟪 Read the title to see what the table is about.
    🟪 Look at the column headings.
    🟪 Read each row across.
    🟪 Ask questions. How many buses are leaving on Thanksgiving Day? How many students have cats?

Teacher Support:

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English Language Arts:

Standards Correlations:

The Common Core State Standards provide a way to evaluate your students' performance.

Lesson Plan Resources:

Here you'll find a full list of resources found in this lesson plan.

Vocabulary List:
  • symbol: image that stands for something

Vocabulary List:
  • diagram: graphic that shows how something works or happens

Vocabulary List:
  • bar graph: graphic that compares amounts

Vocabulary List:
  • table: graphic that provides information in rows and columns

  • row: information laid out from left to right (horizontally)

  • column: information arranged from top to bottom (vertically)

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