Guidelines: Writing a Research Report
Research reports help students dig into science topics that interest them, discovering in-depth information. If you are a science teacher, you can assign reports to foster thoughtful inquiry. If you are an English/language arts teacher, you can work in tandem with a science teacher, allowing the report to count in both classes.
Before students write their own research reports, have them review the sample on pages 359–361, which uses MLA documentation style.
When students are ready to launch their research, lead them through the prewriting guidelines. Help them select topics that support their area of study and that can be covered well in a research paper. Also, provide them time to conduct research, gather details, and organize them. (See also "Writing the Research Paper.")
When students are ready to begin drafting, lead them through the guidelines for writing.
Afterward, provide students with the Checklist for Revising and Editing Science Research Reports. Have them improve their work with help from peer reviewers and editors.