Write on Course 20-20 is based on over 50 years of research into effective writing instruction. The recent study Writing Next outlined 11 effective strategies for teaching writing. Write on Course 20-20 employs them all:
- Strategies for planning, revising, and editing
- Summary writing
- Collaborative writing
- Specific writing goals
- Word processing
- Sentence combining
- Inquiry activities
- Process writing approach
- Study of models
- Writing for content learning
For a more in-depth look at the research underpinnings of the Write on Course 20-20 handbook, see the following resources.
Atwell, Nancie. In the Middle: New Understandings About Writing, Reading, and Learning. Heinemann, 1998.
Caplan, Rebekah. Writers in Training: A Guide to Developing a Composition Program. Dale Seymour Publications, 1984.
Collins, James L. Strategies for Struggling Writers. Guildford Press, 1993.
Elbow. Peter. Writing with Power: Techniques for Mastering the Writing Process. 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, 1998.
---. Writing Without Teachers. 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, 1998.
Fulwiler, Toby, and Young Art. Language Connections: Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. National Council of Teachers of English, 1982.
Gallagher, Kelly. Teaching Adolescent Writers. Stenhouse Publishers, 2006.
---. Write Like This: Teaching Real-World Writing Through Modeling & Mentor Texts. Stenhouse Publishers, 2011.
Graham, S., & Perin, D. Writing Next: Effective Strategies to Improve Writing of Adolescents in Middle and High Schools. Alliance for Excellent Education, 2007.
Graves, Donald H. Writing: Teachers & Children at Work. Heinemann, 2003.
Heard, Georgia. The Revision Toolbox: Teaching Techniques that Work. Heinemann, 2014.
Kittle, Penny. Write Beside Them: Risk, Voice, and Clarity in High School Writing. Heinemann, 2008.
Moffett, James. Teaching the Universe of Discourse. Boyton/Cook, 1987.
Murray, Donald M. The Essential Don Murray: Lessons from America's Greatest Writing Teacher. Edited by Thomas Newkirk and Lisa C. Miller, Boynton/Cook Publishers, Inc., 2009.
---. Learning by Teaching. Boyton/Cook Heinemann, 1982.
Newkirk, Thomas. Minds Made for Stories: How We Really Read and Write Informational and Persuasive Texts. Heinemann, 2014.
Romano, Tom. Clearing the Way: Working with Teenage Writers. Heinemann, 1987.
Smith, Frank. Writing and the Writer. 2nd ed, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers, 1994.
Spandel, Vicki. Creating Writers: Through 6-Trait Writing Assessment and Instruction. Pearson/AB Longman, 2008.